The features found in Windows 7 Pro are best broken up into those that are found in Windows 7 Home and those that are found just in the Pro edition. The shared features with Windows 7 Home include:
Easier use than ever
Windows 7 Professional enables you to simplify your personal computer with its new and innovative navigation features. Your everyday tasks are simplified by features that enable you to manage multiple open programs, documents and browser windows with thumbnail and full-screen Previews, a handy feature called Pin that lets you get around faster by pinning programs or folders you often use to the taskbar and launch them instantly with one click. You also have Snap, which is a new easy way to manage your open windows and arrange them side-by-side just by dragging them to the sides of your screen.
Well-designed and easily navigated Start menu
The Start menu is a beloved feature of most Windows editions. How beloved? There were significant protests when it was removed in Windows 8. In Windows 7 it is featured in all its glory, with a semi-transparent Aero-based design that makes the menu more attractive but just as easily navigated as previous editions.
Attractive toolbar layouts
The toolbar also gets a design overhaul through Aero, which gives it that same glassy look that makes Windows 7 so distinct.
Easily organized Libraries for files
Professional or basic use, when it comes to file organization, it’s a priority for every user. That’s why Microsoft has included the new Libraries in which users can move their files physically through drag and drop. Move files between music, video, pictures, and documents. Then, use the Search feature to find specific documents based on their metadata.
Improved mobile device use
Most people don’t just work on a single desktop device anymore. Instead, more and more, users communicate with the world solely through a device they take everywhere, either a smartphone or a tablet (or, usually, both). Windows 7 has recognized this trend and included features to provide a better mobile experience, including improved touch-based abilities.
Windows 7 Professional features
If that was all Windows 7 Pro had going for it, it would be indistinguishable for the Home edition, but there are far more advanced capabilities that are necessary for serious business work. Those include:
Unlike the Home versions of Windows 7 which only allow you to install 16GB of RAM, Professional allows you to utilise up to 192GB of RAM.
To ensure a seamless access and an always up-to-date synchronisation between a portable PC and a local server, Offline Files is the best solution in Windows 7 Pro.
Preserve and Share Files with the Backup and Restore Center
Avoiding the loss of documents and files is critical to any professional. There’s not just a personal investment, as with more basic users, but the potential to lose whole contracts through an unlucky computer crash. To avoid that, Windows 7 Pro includes the ability for authorized users to move files into a Backup and Restore Center on their network, where other authorized users can access them when they need them.
File invisibility with the Encrypting File System
The risk to files isn’t just from power loss or device malfunction, it’s from data loss through access from unauthorized users. To prevent this, Windows 7 Pro includes the Encrypting File System, which doesn’t just encrypt files, it makes them invisible to unauthorized users.
Even more powerful encryption
BitLocker provides a way to protect your data even when a device or USB is stolen. In that case, BitLocker will lock down the whole drive (or USB in the case of BitLocker ToGo) and encrypt everything, so that there’s no risk of data loss.
Print anywhere with wireless printing
Print on the go, or when you’ve already gone far away through wireless printing, allowing you to have your documents printed and ready for you when you return.
Access anywhere with the Remote Desktop Connection
Perhaps the most useful feature of Windows 7 Pro. This allows users to have access to files and programs anywhere through a password protected remote desktop that also runs Windows 7 Pro. It makes it possible to maintain access and work efficiency from anywhere.
Even more access with Windows Server Domain
Even more powerful than the Remote Desktop Connection, the Windows Server Domain creates a password-protected network for all authorized users where information, documents, and programs can be shared.
Work with older programs in Windows XP Mode
Every copy of Windows 7 Pro includes a fully functional Windows XP mode. This allows users to enjoy older features if they need to. It also allows users to access and work through older programs that aren’t compatible with Windows 7.